What is Glaucoma?

It is an illness of the eyes that leads to many people throughout the world going blind.

Many patients with glaucoma do not know that they have it until they have lost of lot of vision. This is due to the fact that glaucoma can damage the eye without producing symptoms.

The eye continually produces and drains a liquid called aqueous humour responsible for maintaining the appropriate intraocular pressure for correct working. Glaucoma is related to intraocular pressure but in reality glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve. When intraocular pressure is higher than normal it can damage the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting the eye’s visual messages to the brain.

The degree of loss of vision depends on the degree of optic nerve damage. If all the optic nerve is destroyed the person will go blind.  

Who gets Glaucoma?

Glaucoma affects more than 3% of the world’s population, mainly people over 40 and with a glaucoma background in their family. It is also more frequent in people who are taking corticosteroids.

The most common form of glaucoma is chronic open-angle glaucoma. Initially, it does not present any symptoms, so the patient is often unaware that they have the disease until it is in more advanced stages and a significant amount of vision has been lost. Lesions caused by glaucoma are irreparable. This is why early detection is crucial. Early diagnosis can be carried out through an ophthalmologic examination.

At Laservisión we have the latest advances in diagnostic imaging for the layer of optic nerve fibres, thanks to the OCT test and the latest visual field analyzer model, enabling Glaucoma monitoring with a high feasibility and reproducibility level.

The best treatment is early diagnosis.

As damage caused by glaucoma cannot be repaired, treatment intends to prevent or avoid lesions that are already present in the optical nerve from worsening.

It can be treated in several ways: with drops, laser or surgery.

Generally speaking, glaucoma can be controlled by applying eye drops once or twice a day, in order to lower intraocular pressure. Laser can complement medications for the control of pressure or it can be used to replace them.

When glaucoma requires surgery, at Laservisión we perform the most advanced and safe operations, such as the implant of drainage valves to control the aqueous humour.

Our team will help you to find the best solution