Age is the most important risk factor. There have been cases detected in people who are 55 years old or over, although the usual age is from 70 years old onwards.
Genetic factors: if you have a relative with this disease you are more likely to suffer it
Smoking and excessive sun exposure
Lack of natural nutrients that are present in the retina
There are two types of macular degeneration
Dry macular degeneration is the most common one. It progresses at a slower pace, the patient notices blurry vision and distortion of straight lines, which appear to be wavy. There is no specific treatment for Dry AMD, but monitoring must be performed. Taking the Amsler Grid test is recommended to check how these lines are seen by the patient.
Wet or exudative macular degeneration is less frequent, but it presents a faster progression. There is an abnormal growth of the blood vessels behind the macula, developing new extremely fragile blood vessels that bleed and exude liquid.