What is a retinal detachment?

Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the rear part of the eye.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms, which appear successively, are:

  • Seeing floaters, also known as “flying mosquitoes” or “flying flies” (dark specks that move when we move our eyes). They are caused by changes in the vitreous humour.
  • Seeing light flashes. This is a symptom of greater importance, which reflects the existence of pulling on the retina. It usually appears when the detachment has already happened.
  • Dark curtain over an area of the field of vision. It occurs when retina detachment is already present. In this case, immediate ophthalmologic advice must be sought.
  • Distortion of images followed by a significant decrease of visual sharpness. This symptom appears if the central area of the retina (the macula) is damaged.

Which is the treatment?

There are several surgical procedures depending on the level and stage of the detachment. The main ones are:

  • Laser photocoagulation. Controlled laser impulses are applied around the detached area. The treated zone scars over and seals the tear in the retina, preventing the vitreous humour from filtering between both layers.
  • Cryotherapy: The tissue surrounding the tear in the retina is frozen, causing scarring that protects it in a similar way as laser photocoagulation.
  • Vitrectomy: The vitreous humour from inside the eye is removed and replaced with another fluid.

Our team will help you to find the best solution